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* News / UGONSA Writes To The Honourable Minister of Interior On Proper Placement Of Grad by katty: May 22, 2018, 02:51:09 PM
The University Graduates of Nursing Science Association (UGONSA) in a letter dated the 18th of May 2018 had written to the Minister of Interior with the title "PROPER PLACEMENT OF GRADUATE NURSES" signed by Signed Chief (Hon) S.E.O. EGWUENU and Nurse G.I. Nshi the bodies National President and National Secretary. The letter reads:
"The University Graduates of Nursing Science Association (UGONSA) also known as Graduate Nurses Association of Nigeria (GNAN), a professional association for all nurses with a minimum qualification of first degree in Nursing (i.e Bachelor of Nursing Science (B.N.Sc)/B.Sc Nursing), brings you her nightingales’ greeting. We sincerely thank you for your kindness in accommodating nurses in the recent advert placement by the Civil Defence, Fire, Immigration and Prisons Services Board(CDFIPB) as published by Daily Trust Newspaper on 30th April, 2018.
However, with reference to the above subject matter, we wish to bring to your esteemed attention that the entry point for graduate nurses is now Grade Level 09 (i.e. CONHESS 08) post- NYSC (National Youth Service Corps).
This is sequel to the circular from the office of the head of Civil Service of the Federation, Ref No. HSCF/EPO/EIR/CND/S.100/ST/97, dated 8th September, 2016 (please refer Annexure A).

The position of the aforementioned circular is also strongly backed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), which through its own circular (Ref no. C.6093/T/13 dated 19th June, 2017) confirmed that all existing Nursing Officers who are still below the new base of Grade Level 09 (i.e. CONHESS 08) should be moved to the new base [.i.e. CONHESS 08 (Grade Level 09)].
The FMOH also confirmed that seniority on this new post [.i.e. CONHESS 08 (Grade Level 09)] should be effective from 8th September, 2016 being the date of release of the circular, Ref No. HSCF/EPO/EIR/CND/S.100/ST/97, by the office of the Head of Civil Service of the Federation (HCSF) (please refer Annexure B for the circular from FMOH).
To ensure total compliance and speedy implementation of its position on the placement of the graduate nurses, the Federal Ministry of Health had on 20th February, 2018, directed all the Chief Medical Directors (CMDs), Medical Directors (MDs), and Heads of Regulatory Bodies/Agencies to effect the placement of graduate nurses as stated above vide another circular Ref.C6093/T/16 (please refer Annexure C).
We also wish to draw your esteemed attention to another circular from the office of the head of Civil Service of the Federation (Ref No. B.63279/S.7/II/T/273 dated 24th April, 2002), which stipulated that whenever there is an enhancement in the base grade level of any cadre in the Civil Service, all officers who fall below the new entry point must be adjusted with seniority on the new post being the date of adjustment of the entry point (Please refer Annexure D).
It is instructive to also point out that the position of Industrial Arbitration Panel (IAP) of the year 1981 on placement of graduate nurses was explicit as it granted that the profession of Nursing is on parity with that of Pharmacy in Nigeria as is the case in Great Britain.
Therefore, as both the profession of Pharmacy and Nursing share the same entry qualification and a five (5) year duration for the first degree in the university, plus one year internship training post-qualification, we expect the placement of nurses with Bachelor of Nursing Science (B.N.Sc) degree to be on the same grade level at which their counterparts with Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) degree are placed (Please refer Annexure E for the IAP Award).

Notwithstanding, we apply that any nurse with a minimum of first degree in nursing, currently serving under your Ministry, who is still below grade level 09 (CONHESS
08), be expressly upgraded to at least CONHESS 08 (GL09) with effective date of 8th September, 2016. We further apply that fresh appointment of graduate nurses into the Service in your Ministry be forthwith on the new base (.i.e CONHESS 08).
We equally ask that due arrears from this effective date of 8th September, 2016 be paid to all the affected nursing officers who are in the service.
Please kindly accept the assurances of our esteemed regards!
* Research / For Nurses, Working Overtime May Cut Collaboration by katty: May 22, 2018, 12:41:45 PM
Working overtime may negatively influence nurses’ collaboration with fellow nurses and physicians, according to a new study.

The study, which appears in the Journal of Nursing Administration, shows that a third of nurses work beyond their scheduled shift, the average of which is nearly 12 hours.

“One in three nurses reported working longer than scheduled. This appears to be a chronic problem for nurses—one that extends an already long work day and appears to interfere with collaboration,” says lead author Chenjuan Ma, an assistant professor at the New York University Meyers College of Nursing.

Collaboration among healthcare professionals is critical for quality care and patient safety. Previous studies have shown that patients receive superior care and have better outcomes in hospitals where nurses collaborate well with other healthcare providers. In fact, a study in the International Journal of Nursing Studies by Ma and her colleagues finds that both collaboration between nurses and physicians and collaboration among nurses are significantly associated with patient safety outcomes.

However, nurses frequently work long shifts, irregular hours, and unexpected overtime, putting them at risk for fatigue and sleep deprivation. Fatigue and sleep issues can lead to impaired emotional, social, and cognitive processing, which could, in turn, hurt nurses’ ability to collaborate. This study sought to evaluate how shift length and working overtime impact nurses’ perceptions of collaboration with other care providers, specifically with other nurses and physicians.

The researchers used 2013 survey data from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators, analyzing responses from 24,013 nurses in 957 units from 168 US hospitals. Collaboration on a unit was measured using the nurse-nurse interaction scale (RN-RN Scale) and nurse-physician interaction scale (RN-MD Scale). Shift pattern was measured in three ways: average shift length, average overtime, and the proportion of nurses on a unit who worked overtime.

The average shift length was 11.88 hours across the five types of nursing units measured, suggesting that 12-hour shifts are the predominant shift schedule for hospital nurses. Critical care and step-down units had slightly but significantly longer average shift lengths—both 12.17 hours—compared to other units (medical, surgical, and medical-surgical).

On average, nurses worked 24 minutes longer than their scheduled shift. A third (33 percent) of the nurses on a unit reported working longer than initially scheduled and 35 percent of nurses said that the amount of overtime needed from nurses on their unit increased over the past year.

The researchers did not find a significant relationship between average shift length and collaboration, meaning that longer scheduled shifts did not necessarily lead to less collaboration. However, after controlling for shift length, unit, and hospital characteristics, they found that collaboration suffered in nursing units with longer overtime shifts and more nurses working overtime.

One hour of overtime was associated with a 0.17 decrease on the RN-RN scale and was marginally associated with a 0.13 decrease on the RN-MD Scale. In other words, a 0.17 decrease from the mean score on the RN-RN scale suggests that a unit’s rank on the RN-RN score would drop from the 50th percentile to roughly the 30th percentile.

“Our research suggests that the more overtime hours nurses work, resulting in extended periods of wakefulness, the greater difficulty they have in collaborating effectively,” says Amy Witkoski Stimpfel, assistant professor at NYU Meyers and the study’s coauthor.

The researchers provided suggestions for nurses, nurse managers, and hospital administrators for sustaining good collaboration between healthcare professionals. Most importantly, they recommend using overtime as minimally as possible. However, given that longer shifts are the norm and completely eliminating overtime may not be possible, they also suggest offering fatigue management training and education, as well as training to help nurses and physicians communicate effectively and respectfully.

“Our findings support policies that limit the amount of overtime worked by nurses. In practice, nurse managers should monitor the amount of overtime being worked on their unit and minimize the use of overtime,” Ma says.

Sigma Theta Tau International, Honor Society of Nursing supported the research.

Source: New York University
Original Study DOI: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000624
* News / Communique Issued At the End of IAPNN Conference, Dubai 2018 by Rex: May 22, 2018, 11:06:42 AM
                           COMMUNIQUE – DUBAI 2018.

The International Association of Psychiatric Nurses of Nigeria (IAPNN) is an international, charitable,  non-for-profit  organization  with  members  across  the  world.  In  attendance  of DUBAI 2018 were 81 delegates across the length and breadth of the countries, UK, USA, Australia, South Africa, Ghana, New Zealand, United Arab Emirates and Nigeria. 

1.  Appreciation goes to the Local organizing committee for their effort, reception and provision of enabling environment for hosting this conference. 
2.  Profound  appreciation  to  all  distinguished  presenters  for  their  brilliant,  educative, thought provoking and informative lectures. 
3.  Last  but not the least, the delegates are highly appreciated for their attendance and participation. 


With  no  doubt,  the  two-day  discussion  have  brought  about  awareness  on  the  correlation between the mental health and physical health, the impacts of mental health on the people, family and community, the prevailing devastating situation of the Internally Displaced Persons and the mental health implications, family bond system as a care pathway to improve mental health,  the  growing  incidence of  substance  abuse  globally especially among  the  youths  in Nigeria and last but not the least, the role of IAPNN in the new sustainable development goals.   

Over the period of the conference, the delegates observed:
❖  that little attention is being given to mental health care
❖  that there is poor accessibility to mental health services
❖  that there is under representation of nursing professionals in policy making
❖  that there is lack of family involvement in the quality of care.
❖  that there is under provision of relevant safety equipment in the health care settings
❖  that there is increase in the emergence of internally displayed persons 
❖  that there is significant challenge to mental health care professionals in the implementation of the sustainable development goals.       

The following resolutions were made. 
❖  IAPNN to collaborate with National Association of Nigerian Nurses and Midwives and Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria to improve nursing care practice in Nigeria; especially mental health.
❖  IAPNN to develop a robust working and professional relationship with head of nursing departments  in  all  mental  health  institutions  including  other  mental  health  units  in Nigeria.
❖  IAPNN to support and contribute towards personal development and empowerment of mental health nurses in Nigeria. 
❖  IAPNN to ensure public enlightenment and education on mental health issues.   


Charles Oguntade.(MNsg, Credentialed MHN)

Secretary General – Global Operations.
* News / #johesustrike2018: FG, JOHESU Trade Blames as Negotiations Collapse by katty: May 21, 2018, 09:07:02 PM
"“The government said it has agreed to 14 out of the 16 demands on the terms of settlement. But the Minister of Health has refused to sign and issue an implementation circular to that effect..."

JUST five days ago, the Joint Health Sector Unions, JOHESU, boycotted a meeting with the Federal Government over the ongoing strike action by its members.

In the five weeks the industrial action has lasted, the JOHESU and the Federal Ministry of Health have met six times but failed to reach a peaceful resolution on the trade disputes.

Blames, as expected, are flying back and forth. The Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Adewole, accused the JOHESU of turning down the Ministry’s overtures for peaceful settlement, while the health workers claimed the Minister is posing as a barrier to the resolution of the disputes.

JOHESU President, Comrade Biobelemoye Josiah, while accusing Adewole of sabotaging the negotiation process, said, “the Federal Ministry of Health as presently led by Prof. Isaac Adewole has constituted itself as a major hindrance to fruitful deliberation as he has never disguised his intention to symbolise the propaganda machine of the NMA through his posturing at all our meetings, which necessitated JOHESU to take a position that the negotiations were structured to fail ab-initio.

“His (Adewole’s) continued stay in office remains a major barrier to the resolution of the ongoing strike by health workers. This is a major threat to Public Health especially at a time that the dreaded Ebola disease is rampaging in some African countries.”

Similarly, the Chairman, Assembly of Healthcare Professional Associations, Dr. Godswill Okara, said the Minister has refused to demonstrate keen desire to have the disputes settled.

“We have had six meetings with the Minister over the ongoing strike. But each time we approached the negotiation table, Discussions always went back and forth without meaningful resolutions. It’s a shame to say that the Federal Government’s side led by the Minister of Health, Prof Isaac Adewole, has not shown any iota of seriousness about the on-going strike and its attendant negative effects on the health sector.

“The government said it has agreed to 14 out of the 16 demands on the terms of settlement. But the Minister of Health has refused to sign and issue an implementation circular to that effect. We insisted on the circular, which of course will be in print, because government business is not run by word-of-mouth.

“So, after six fruitless meetings with the federal government’s side, we felt there was no need to continue with a seventh meeting until we first consult the workers we represented at the negotiation table. Apart from that, we also had strong reasons to suspect booby-traps at that seventh meeting. That’s why we didn’t show up.”

On his part, Adewole dismissed the allegations as baseless, saying government has not reneged on its commitment to promote peace and industrial harmony in the health sector.

He maintained that the Ministry of Health under his watch will continue to engage in continuous dialogue on how to improve the health sector.

Adewole, however, blamed JOHESU for the collapse of the negotiation process, saying “We waited for six hours for JOHESU’s representatives so that we continue with negotiations but they boycotted without prior notice.

“Shortly after the adjournment of the boycotted meeting, an official communication titled: collapse of negotiation between the federal government and joint health sector unions was issued by JOHESU, informing that negotiation with us has broken down.

“But, we have put in place a reconciliatory process towards amicable settlement of the trade dispute.

“However, we appeal to members of the Union to consider the plight of innocent Nigerians in need of health care and return to work while negotiation continues,” he said.

Because of the critical role health workers play in the well-being of citizens, some civil society groups are threatening to stage street protests and institute more embarrassing litigations against the JOHESU and the federal government.

For example, the National Coordinator, Association of Positive Youths in Nigeria, Isah Mohammed, said his group was considering street protests and rallies at state capitals across the country to amplify the issues surrounding the health workers’ strike and draw global attention to the pitiable situation in government hospitals since the strike began.

He stressed that health-related CSOs are concerned with the collapsed negotiations between JOHESU and the federal government and, perhaps, the domino effect it could have on citizens’ welfare throughout the country.

“If more and more health workers feel they’ve been treated unfairly, they could switch careers or quit the health sector altogether. Then government might have an even harder time managing the capacity crunch,” he said
Source : Vanguard Newspaper
* News / Jhpiego Recognizes Liberian Nurses On Int’l Day by katty: May 21, 2018, 05:16:00 PM
Jhpiego, an international not-for-profit health organization affiliated with Johns Hopkins University, recently paid tribute to Liberian nurses during a program marking this year’s International Nurses Day.

In a special statement from Jhpiego, read by Mrs. Marion Subah, who represented the entity’s president, Dr. Leslie Mancuso, herself a proud nurse and president of an organization that works tirelessly in support of nurses and midwives, recognized nurses for their commitment to the profession.

Mrs. Subah is Chief of Party (CP) of USAID-funded Maternal and Child Survival Program/Human Resources for Health Project in Liberia.

She indicated that together, nurses and midwives have the power to tackle big challenges, and as members of inter-professional teams, midwives and nurses are the backbone of health systems around the world, making up 80 percent of the global health workforce that provide a majority of health services.

She challenged nurses to join the “Nursing Now” Campaign and be the drivers of change, the innovators, and the decision-makers who can bring a new, more equitable era in healthcare delivery.

Mrs. Subah also indicated that working with colleagues at the International Council of Nurses, the International Confederation of Midwives, and regional and national nursing and midwifery associations, Jhpiego stands ready to help nurses and midwives get the opportunities and recognition they deserve.

The statement meanwhile congratulated nurses for all they do, and encourage them to enjoy these well-deserved days of recognition.

Dr. Sodey Lake, the nursing director at the Jackson F. Doe Memorial Hospital in Tappita, Lower Nimba County, who also spoke at a program organized by members of the Liberian Nurses Association (LNA), in commemoration of International Nurses Day, commended her colleagues for their “sacrificial services to humanity.”

The program was held under the theme, “Nurses, A Voice to Lead-Health as Human Rights.”

Lake challenged Liberian nurses to be united in both speaking and acting in order to give their patients hope towards recovery.

She wants nurses to be prepared with the requisite knowledge to respond to a given health situation.

Dr. Lake said to respond to health-related crisis, at least 90 percent of the estimated 5,000 Liberian qualified nurses should be equipped to intervene whenever there is crisis or when disaster strikes.

“Our voice is harmonious or has singleness of idea when we become reliable and dependable in adequately managing health-related issues,” Lake added.

She observed that when one nurse errs, the error becomes generalized to include all medical practitioners, “but that notion was wrong.” She therefore cautioned nurses to take the necessary precautions as they go about performing their professional duty.

She called on administrators of health teaching institutions to re-examine their respective training manuals and admission procedures, to achieve the desired result by imparting the required skills to nursing students.

LNA president Gloria Stevens recalled how over the years its members (all nurses) have worked to uphold the profession.
Madam Stevens called on nurses to be united, to foster the growth and development of the nursing profession.

The event brought together nurses and nursing students from across Monrovia and its environs.
* News / #JOHESUStrike2018: JOHESU Statement on Health Minister Stand on Salary Scale by katty: May 21, 2018, 05:07:49 PM
It is said by one of the holy books that" the truth shall set you free" and it is also common knowledge that falsehood and lies are forever disappearing things, because whenever the truth appears, falsehood and lies disappear. The falsehood and lies being fed the public by the Honourable Minister is not only condemnable but also disappointing and shocking.
The falsehood and lies being paraded about by the Honourable Minister of Health is that other Health Workers under the Umbrella of the Joint Health Sector Unions are asking for the same salary with his colleagues 'the Doctors'. While on a Channels Television program: The Honourable Minister said "the only problem with the ongoing strike by the JOHESU is that the group is asking for the same salary with Doctors" in fact this is a white lie and also an instrument of diversionary tactic. It is unfortunate and sad that the Honourable Minister has decided to abandon the subject matter in contention which is better working condition in the Health Sector and the general improvement of facilities, manpower and services in the sector, rather than face these challenges in the health sector, the Honourable Minister is busying himself as the spokesman for the Nigerian Medical Association.

We want to inform the general public that the Honourable Minister of Health should be "for nobody but for everybody" in the Health Sector, but it is evidently clear that Professor Isaac Adewole is the Minister for Doctors and not for all health workers.
The present crisis in the health sector is as a result of the trivialisation of the cry for justice. The general public must know that at no point in time did JOHESU demand for the same salary scale with Doctors. But the failure of the meetings held on (1). Wednesday, 25th April, 2018, (2). Monday, 30th April, 2018, (3). Thursday, 3' May, 2018, (4). Wednesday, 9' May, 2018, (5). Tuesday, 15' May, 2018, (6). Wednesday, 16th May, 2018, left the health workers with no choice but to take the last but most painful option of continuing the ongoing strike which was preventable, but for self-centred reasons. It is not only important but central to let the general public and stakeholders in the health sector know that a fresh doctor in a government employment earns N312,944.83 per month, that is CONMESS 3 (CONHESS 11). Whereas other health workers, would have to soil and toil for three to nine years before getting to CONHESS 11 which has a take home pay of 8255,184.83 with a differential of N57,760.00 which represents 23% difference (if adjusted from the present earning of 223,345.58). So where lies the truth behind the propaganda that Joint Health Sector Unions (JOHESU) is demanding the same salary structure with doctors. (Please see attached earnings in the health sector).
It is obvious that in Nine years that it takes a health worker to climb to CONHESS 11 where he earns N255,184.83, the doctor has pocketed 86,238,080, if stagnated for the period which is impossible. We want the Honourable Minister of Health to tell the world how on earth could a health worker who enters the public service in Nigeria on CONHESS 9 which is the same as GL 10 and earns N161,670.00 with a proposal to increase to N190,000.00 be the same as a fresh doctor who earns 8312,944.83 at the entry point. This is nothing but a master and servant relationship, in fact worse still, graduate Nurses who handle the bulk of patient care in the hospitals are on GL8, which is CONHESS 7 with a meagre monthly take home of between N97,000 and N118,000 which is almost half of the take home for doctors. In this case who is deceiving who?
The truth is that Doctors are usually the first to talk about international best practices; for the information of the Honourable Minister of Health and his co-doctors it is important to state a case study in Britain our colonial masters. In the wages of health professionals in UK Public Service, a perfect example is the fact that a doctor in the U.K at entry point earns £26,000.00, per annum while a radiographer earners, £23,000.00 per annum. This is what relativity in the salary structure in he Nigeria should look like. JOHESU is therefore appealing to the Federal so Government of President Muhammadu Buhari, GCFR to restructure the Federal Ministry of Health and the entire health sector A position where the Honourable Minister of Health is a Doctor, the Minister of State for Health is a Doctor, the Director Hospital Services is a Doctor, it and Several other departmental heads in the Federal Ministry of Health s are doctors does not give a clear vision and proper direction for our health system. 
Our constant position of allowing professional Health Administrators run our health system is the only solution to the quagmire facing our nation today. We have continued-to do the same thing over the years by allowing doctor to administratively run our health system, and we have continued to have the same result of poor health indices. It is time to make the required change, that change should be now.
Long Live the Federal Republic of Nigeria!
Long Live President Muhamniadu Buhari, GCFR!!
Long Live Joint Health Sector Unions!!

* MCPDP / Ebonyi State MCPDP Schedule For Nurses For The Month Of June 2018 by katty: May 21, 2018, 02:34:50 PM
This is to inform you and all professional Nurses in Ebonyi State that the second session of 2018 Mandatory Continuing Professional Development Programme (MCPDP) as directed by the Nursing & Midwifery Council of Nigeria has been scheduled to hold as follows
Dates: 4th June — June 2018
Venue: Nurses House/Secretariat, UGWU - Achara Abakiliki
Time: 8. am daily.
All eligible Nurses are advised to go to GTB Abakaild and pay the workshop fee of N20,000.00 (Twenty Thousand Naira) only, to the State Nursing and Midwifery Council Ebonyi MCPDP Account Number 0044237917.
Also bring your Teller to the Nursing Services Department, Ministry of Health, Abakaliki OR text teller number, name and phone number to 08038814762 for registration.
Accept the assurances of our warmest regards.
Mr. Alo Daniel
Director Of Nursing Services
Mr. Innocent Agbowo
State Facilitator (MCPDP)
* News / Ondo Govt Directs MDs to Take Attendance, Accused JOHESU of Absconding from Work by katty: May 21, 2018, 02:29:00 PM
Ondo state government has accused johesu members in the state of absconding from their duty posts and have therefore ordered medical directors to start taking attendance.

In a Circular letter dated 18th of May 2018 to all Directors, Chief Medical Directors, Medical Directors and Hospital Secretaries tittled RE: INDUSTRIAL ACTION BY THE JIONT HEALTH SECTOR UNIONS (JOHESU), ONDO STATE Signed by the Permanent Secretary Dr Adeniran A. Ikuomola, the Ondo State Government has directed all facilities to open registars across the state. This was contained in the circular below which reads:
Ondo State Governrnent has noted with dismay that JOHESU embarked on an Industrial action since Tuesday, 15th May, 2018, without following the process that often leads to the declaration of a trade dispute with the employer (Ondo State Government).
They claimed they proceeded on an indefinite strike action in sympathy with their Nabonal body.
Arising from this, therefore, all health workers currently on strike are seen by government to have absconded from their duty posts, an offence which is punishable under relevant Public Sen/i. Rules/Civil Service Rule.
Consequently Government has directed that all such officers, in the health sector of Ondo State, that are not on their duty post are required to report immediately, else they would be assumed to have absconded. Government will not hesitate to invoke the provisions of the relevant rules.
In the circumstance, therefore, you are directed to keep an attendance register of all Officers in your facilities with effect from Friday, 18th May, 2018 and to submit the list of all erring Officers to the office of Permanent Secretary, Hospitals Management Board, on a daily basis.
* News / Ebola outbreak: Experimental vaccinations to begin in DR Congo Today by katty: May 21, 2018, 10:54:21 AM
Health workers in the Democratic Republic of Congo are to begin an immunisation campaign in an attempt to halt the spread of the deadly Ebola virus.

The experimental vaccine proved effective when used in limited trials during the epidemic which struck West Africa in 2014-16.

At least 25 people are believed to have died in the current outbreak.

Health workers will be among the first to receive the vaccine on Monday.

What is Ebola?

It is an infectious illness that causes internal bleeding and often proves fatal.

It can spread rapidly through contact with small amounts of bodily fluid, and its early flu-like symptoms are not always obvious.

More than 11,300 people died in the earlier outbreak in 2014-16.

How serious is the current outbreak?

At least 45 cases of Ebola have been reported, including three health workers, since the outbreak began earlier this month.

The virus has already spread from rural areas to the north-western city of Mbandaka, a major transport hub on the River Congo, where at least four cases have been confirmed.

This has sparked fears that the outbreak could reach the capital, Kinshasa, as well as neighbouring countries.

However, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said it has "strong reason to believe that the outbreak can be brought under control".

At an emergency meeting, on Friday WHO experts said that "the conditions for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) have not currently been met".

What do we know about the medicine being used?

The vaccine, made by pharmaceutical firm Merck, is not yet licensed, but was effective in limited trials during the West Africa outbreak.

Dr Michel Yao, from the WHO, told the BBC that the vaccine had been tested in Guinea and that "almost all of the people who were vaccinated could not get the disease".

The WHO has sent more than 4,000 doses to the Democratic Republic of Congo, with another batch set to follow.

Health care providers and funeral workers will be vaccinated initially, before the programme is extended to more than 500 people who may have come into contact with those infected with the virus, in a so-called "ring vaccination".

What are the challenges?

One of the most immediate obstacles to the immunisation campaign is the country's unreliable electricity supplies, as the vaccine needs to be stored at a temperature of between -60 and -80 C.

Initial stocks of the vaccine have arrived in Mbandaka city, but they must now be transported through densely forested areas to reach remote rural areas where many cases have been reported.

A further issue is that, as the vaccine has not yet been approved, its use is dependent upon informed and signed consent from all patients. This means that translators will need to be brought in to aid communication between health workers and local communities.

Life in the Ebola zone

One teacher in the region told the BBC's Newsday programme that people had stopped shaking hands when they greet. Ziko Ilema said: "I tried to greet a friend by shaking hands and he said: 'No, did you forget that Ebola is here?'

"They forbid people to greet by using hands, eating animals from the forest, and people are now living with fear."

Ebola is thought to be spread over long distances by fruit bats and is often transmitted to humans eating contaminated bushmeat - meat from wild animals such as monkeys or antelopes.

Bars, restaurants and offices in Mbandaka have started to provide soap and basins of water for people to wash their hands as a way to prevent the spread of the disease, according to the AFP news agency.

It also reports that officials are using infrared thermometers at the city's river ports to scan travellers in case they have a fever.

"But we don't have enough of the thermometers, so people are crowding up and getting annoyed," said Joseph Dangbele, an official at the private Menge port.

Health Minister Oly Ilunga has announced that all healthcare in the affected areas would be free.

This is the ninth outbreak of Ebola in DR Congo - it was named after the country's Ebola river.
Source : BBC
* Nursing Jobs / Registered Nurse Vacancy At Malens Diagnostic Solutions Ikorodu, Lagos State by katty: May 21, 2018, 10:40:35 AM
Malens Diagnostic Solutions is a friendly and well trained team of professionals who offer high quality diagnostic services with modern automated equipment.

We are located at 62, Beach Road, Beside Kingsfield College, Ebute, Ikorodu (along the road which leads to Ikorodu General Hospital), Lagos; and also an Annex Adjacent to Ikorodu General Hospital.

Our services include: Medical Laboratory (Clinical chemistry, Endocrinology, Tumor markers, Drug of Abuse, Haematology, Serology/Immunology, Microbiology, Cytology & Histology); Ultrasound Scan (2D, 3D/4D), ECG, Echocardiogram, Vascular Doppler, Digital X-ray & Mammogram, CT Scan, etc.

We are currently receiving applications for a Registered Nurse with a Diploma Certificate and a valid practice license, to join our team. Age bracket: 25-35 years. Must be computer literate.

If  you are a team player, and interested,  send your updated CV/credentials to:

Please Note: Only applicants residing within Ikorodu/Ketu axis of Lagos will be considered.
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