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* News / United Nations Agencies Call for Ban on Virginity Testing by katty: October 17, 2018, 05:42:42 PM
Virginity testing — a gynecological examination conducted under the belief that it determines whether a woman or girl has had vaginal intercourse — must end, says UN Human Rights, UN Women and the World Health Organization (WHO).

In a global call to eliminate violence against women and girls everywhere, this medically unnecessary, and often times painful, humiliating and traumatic practice must end.
 


Virginity testing is a long-standing tradition that has been documented in at least 20 countries spanning all regions of the world. Women and girls are subjected, and often forced, to undergo virginity testing for various reasons. These include requests from parents or potential partners to establish marriage eligibility or from employers for employment eligibility. It is mostly performed by doctors, police officers, or community leaders on women and girls in order to assess their virtue, honour or social value. In some regions, it is common practice for health professionals to perform virginity testing on victims of rape, supposedly to ascertain whether or not rape occurred.

Virginity testing is often performed by inspecting the hymen for tears or its size of opening, and/or inserting fingers into the vagina (the “two-finger” test). Both techniques are practiced under the belief that the appearance of the female genitalia can indicate a girl’s or woman’s history of sexual activity. WHO states that there is no evidence that either method can prove whether a woman or girl has had vaginal intercourse or not.

Emphasis on women’s “virginity” is a form of gender discrimination

The term “virginity” is not a medical or scientific term.  Rather, the concept of “virginity” is a social, cultural and religious construct – one that reflects gender discrimination against women and girls.

The social expectation that girls and women should remain “virgins” (i.e. without having sexual intercourse) is based on stereotyped notions that female sexuality should be curtailed within marriage. This notion is harmful to women and girls globally.
 
Health impacts of virginity testing


These examinations are not only a violation of women’s and girls’ human rights, but in cases of rape can cause additional pain and mimic the original act of sexual violence, leading to re-experience, re-traumatization and re-victimization. Many women suffer from adverse short- and long-term physical, psychological and social consequences of this practice. This includes anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress. In extreme cases, women or girls may attempt suicide or be killed in the name of “honour”.

Performing this medically unnecessary and harmful test violates several human rights and ethical standards including the fundamental principle in medicine to ‘do no harm’. WHO recommends that this test should not be performed under any circumstances.
 
Governments, health professionals and communities must act to eliminate the practice


There is an urgent need to raise awareness among health professionals and communities of the detrimental effects of performing this test on women and girls, its lack of scientific validity, and the need to eliminate its use. Some governments have banned virginity testing and enacted laws to criminally punish those who perform the examination. Many professional health associations and human rights organizations have condemned this practice as unscientific and a violation of women’s and girls’ rights.

UN Human Rights, UN Women and WHO are committed to ending virginity testing and ensuring that the rights of all women and girls are upheld. The following are recommended strategies to eliminate virginity testing in settings where it occurs:

*Health professionals and their professional associations should be aware that virginity testing has no scientific merit and cannot determine past vaginal penetration. They should also know the health and human rights consequences of virginity testing, and never perform or support the practice.

*Governments should enact and enforce laws that ban virginity testing.

*Communities and all relevant stakeholders should implement awareness campaigns that challenge myths related to virginity and harmful gender norms that place emphasis on control of women’s and girls’ sexuality and bodies.
 
Statement document that includes background on the issue, scientific evidence and global strategies to eliminate this practice
www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/eliminating-virginity-testing-interagency-statement/en/
* News / South Africa: 1391 Nurses Set to Graduate from KwaZulu-Natal Nursing Schools by katty: October 17, 2018, 05:26:41 PM
Durban - The Department of Health said 1391 expected to graduate in nursing would bode well for the patients of KZN.

"The graduation carries much significance for the nurses themselves and the people of KZN, as it means these healthcare professionals will be able to inject their newly-acquired skills into the public healthcare system, for the benefit of all," said Department spokesperson Agiza Hlongwane.

The graduation will take place over Thursday and Friday at the Royal Agricultural Showgrounds in Pietermaritzburg.

"After many hours of painstaking work, there is likely to be a euphoric atmosphere and scenes of joy among the nurses and their families as their new qualifications are conferred on them," said Hlongwane.

 The Department said there will be numerous qualifications that will be awarded, including specialist nursing categories such as Midwifery and Neonatal Nursing Science, Child Health Nursing Science and Critical Care Nursing Science among others.

Daily News
* News / Kenya : Attack on Nurse Opens Door to Troubling Claims by katty: October 17, 2018, 09:37:37 AM
The Saturday morning assault of a nurse at the Kenyatta National Hospital has galvanised her colleagues into speaking up about the dangers they face at work.

Mildred Akinyi was beaten and strangled by five relatives of a patient who had died a few hours earlier, sparking outrage among nurses and clinical officers at the country’s largest referral hospital.

According to some of Ms Akinyi’s colleagues, she was a locum – one of 220 nurses who have been ‘undergoing orientation’ at KNH for five years and are yet to be hired on permanent terms.

A number of locum nurses who spoke to The Standard on condition of anonymity narrated similar experiences of working in a hostile environment.

Akinyi is recovering. Hospital officials said she had left the high dependency unit and was admitted in KNH’s private wing.

According to a hospital statement, Akinyi was assaulted following the death of a 17-year-old leukemia patient, who had been admitted since June.

Fellow nurses said the patient’s brother got to the hospital at 7am after being informed of the death. He left and returned at 10am with five relatives, including his mother and father. The relatives then allegedly assaulted Akinyi as a different nurse prepared the body for viewing.

“The hospital management condemns in the strongest terms possible this unfortunate incident and overall, any assault on any of its staff. To this end, the hospital will work hand in hand with the relevant authorities to ensure that such incidences do not recur and assure safety of patients and staff,” read a statement signed by KNH CEO Thomas Mutie.

While calling on patients and families to be courteous to staff and follow proper channels to resolve disagreements, Dr Mutie told the nurses that working in unpredictable environments like hospitals meant they had to expect anything.

But Kenya Medical Practitioners, Pharmacists and Dentists Union (KMPDU) Secretary General Ouma Oluga condemned what he said was a worrying yet growing trend of attacks on medical practitioners.

“We are tired of the attacks. Hospitals must ensure security for both patients and workers. We also have rights. If we cannot be guaranteed our security, we will take matters into our hands,” Dr Oluga said yesterday when he met the nurses.

Less rewarding


The visit by officials from KMPDU and the Kenya National Union of Nurses was also intended to bolster the locums’ push to be allowed to form their own union. This after it emerged that their tenure at the hospital had been less rewarding.

“The hospital brought us here years ago promising to monitor our performance before employing us. It has been five years and we are still waiting,” said a nurse who joined KNH in 2013.

The nurses said they were paid Sh300 an hour for a maximum of 150 hours each month, translating to Sh45,000 a month. This, they said, was insufficient pay, considering their strenuous working conditions.

“We are overwhelmed,” one nurse said. “The ideal nurse-to-patient ratio is one to eight, but we oversee more than 20 patients each at a time.”

Some of the nurses said it was clear the hospital would never offer them stable jobs, but they remained for lack of better options

Source: https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/health/article/2001299327/attack-on-nurse-opens-door-to-troubling-claims
* News / Nigerian Nurses Must Embrace Professional Core Values –Dr. Idris by katty: October 17, 2018, 09:29:14 AM
Dr. Jide Idris, the Lagos State Commissioner for Health, has tasked nurses in the State health sector on the need to embrace the core values of the nursing profession in the care of patients.

Idris gave this charge yesterday during the 2018 Nurses Assembly, a programme sponsored by the Lagos State Government to update nurses, midwives and educators in Lagos on professional guidelines and policies affecting the profession.



He noted that nurses are integral part of the think-tank of the State government who contribute a lot to formulation and implementation of policies in the health sector.

Idris who was represented by Dr. Funmilayo Shokunbi, the Director, Medical Administration, Training and Programmes in the Ministry of Health, implored nurses to continue to exude professionalism, discipline, integrity, humility, selflessness and great care in the discharge of noble duties.

Earlier in her remarks, Mrs. Dorcas Shonibare, the Director of Nursing Services in the Lagos State Ministry of Health, stated that the Nurses Assembly is an annual event sponsored by the Ministry of Health to update nurses on current trends in the profession and serve as a platform for nurses to interact as professionals.

She explained that the theme of this year’s assembly “Nursing Accountability in the 21st Century” as a follow up to last year’s theme “Professionalism: A Roadmap for Ethical Compliance in Nursing” is a starting point for major strategic planning for a new perspective on ethics of the profession.

“Accountability is the acknowledgement and assumption of responsibility for actions, products, decisions and policies including the administration, governance and implementation within the scope of the role or employment position and encompassing the obligation to report, explain and be answerable for resulting consequence,” Shonibare said.

She stated that the recent launch of 12 patients’ Bill of Right championed by the Consumers Protection Council (CPC) and the Federal Ministry of Health is a wakeup call to the Health Sector in Nigeria thus bringing to fore the need for nurses to be fully updated as ignorance is no excuse.

“Patients are now empowered to demand for their rights and you must be ready to give explanation for your actions and intentions without having the erroneous belief that they are at your mercy,” she said.

Shonibare while encouraging nurses to have an orientation of being accountable stated that the practice of nursing services in Lagos State is being monitored in public and private health facilities by the Lagos State Health Facilities Monitoring and Accreditation Agency (HEFAMAA).

During her lecture on 21st Century Nurse Manager, Mrs. Helen Mbonu, the Group Director of Nursing Services Reddington Hospital, stated that a 21st century nurse manager must be a great communicator employing frequent, timely and problem-solving communication to ensure patient care is running smoothly.

She added that nurses in the 21st century should know the rudiments of teamwork and the need to build effective teams, remain positive and be decisive, be technologically driven and should be conversant with the use of modern equipment in health service delivery.

“A 21st Century Nurse Manager should be academically driven, have the right attitude, possess excellent customer service skills, be involved in policy making, understand finance and budget and be readily available and accessible,” Mbonu said.

Source : Daily Independent Newspaper
* News / Nurse Hauwa Liman's Parents Speak With TVC, As ICRC Reacts To Her Death (Video) by katty: October 16, 2018, 05:58:46 PM
Hauwa Liman's parents speak with TVC News on the execution of their daughter by Boko Haram. The father says he wants his daughter's corpse brought to him so as to bury her in the Islamic way.

Meanwhile, Peter Maurer, the President of International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and other members of ICRC have reacted to the execution of the beautiful Hauwa Liman.



It is with deep horror that I hear of the execution of Hauwa in #Nigeria.

@ICRC
condemns this senseless murder; an act of contempt for humanity.

Hauwa was a brave young midwife working to bring life into the world, and we mourn her loss with the greatest sorrow.

Hauwa's shocking death comes only a few weeks after her colleague, Saifura, was also killed. 



These young women shouldn't be defined by their deaths but remembered for the courage and compassion they showed in their short lives.



To watch the video click https://m.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=yqk64vEOya8&a=
* Research / Researchers Find No Progress in Media Representation of Nurses Over Last 20 Year by katty: October 16, 2018, 12:45:52 PM
A replication of the 1997 "Woodhull Study on Nursing and the Media" found nurses continue to be underrepresented as sources in heath news stories despite their increasing levels of education and expertise. A companion study found biases among newsrooms about women, nurses and positions of authority in health care can impede a journalist's use of nurses as sources in health news stories, despite unique perspectives that could enrich a story. The research, led by the George Washington University School of Nursing's Center for Health Policy and Media Engagement, was published in two parts in the Journal of Nursing Scholarship and the American Journal of Nursing.

"The lack of progress in nurses' representation in health news stories over the past 20 years was stunning, particularly since the 2010 Institute of Medicine report on 'The Future of Nursing' noted that we can't transform health care and promote the health of the public without recognizing and tapping into the special expertise of nurses," said Diana J. Mason, the principal investigator of the GW study and a registered nurse and senior policy service professor for GW's Center for Health Policy and Media Engagement.

The original Woodhull Study found nurses were represented as sources in less than 4 percent of health news stories in leading print newspapers, newsweeklies and health care trade publications of the day. Using the same publications as the original study, the team, which also included researchers from the Berkeley Media Studies Group, examined a randomly selected sample of 365 health news stories published in September 2017 to determine the type and subject of the article, the profession and gender of speakers and the number of times nurses were referenced without being quoted. They discovered that nurses were identified as sources in 2 percent of health news coverage and mentioned in 13 percent of health news coverage overall.

In addition, the researchers conducted one-on-one telephone interviews with health journalists to better understand the barriers and facilitators to using nurses as sources in news stories. The interviews revealed an overarching theme of biases, not just among journalists, but also editors, public relations staff and health care organizations.

"It was not enough to just document that nothing has changed in 20 years," Barbara Glickstein, co-principal investigator on the study, said. "We had to understand why there has been no movement in who are considered experts."

For example, the researchers heard from participants that preconceptions exist in health news about positions of authority, placing "rock-star doctors" at the top of their lists of sources. The participants explained that their newsroom cultures typically affect their selection of sources and that they have had to defend using a nurse as a source.

"Journalists and the media play an important role in educating the public about issues affecting health and health care, but their biases about who are credible experts is limiting the richness of their reporting," Jean Johnson, executive director of the Center for Health Policy and Media Engagement, said. "If journalists aren't interviewing nurses, they may be missing the best part of the story."

Several additional themes emerged from the interviews, including health journalists not understanding the range of nurses' roles and the nursing profession not routinely engaging journalists. The researchers note that journalists and nurses can both do more to ensure the public benefits from the knowledge and insight nurses can provide.

Source : https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-10/gwu-rfn101518.php
* Post Basic Courses / FMC Yola 2018/2019 Perioperative Nursing Form on Sale by katty: October 16, 2018, 12:32:56 PM
Application are invited from suitably qualified candidates for admission into the above name School for a 1 year course in Perioperative Nursing beginning from November, 2018 leading to licensing by the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria as Registered Perioperative Nurse (RPON)
 
The Course is designed to equip Registered Nurses(RN) wwith the theoretical underpinnings and skills required for proving effective, acceptable and safe Perioperative Nursing care to the clients/patients
 
Admission Requirements
Applicants Should:
1. Be Registered Nurses(RN) with current practice License of the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria
2. Have at least five(5) credit passes at not more than two(2) sitting in English Language, Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Chemistry from WAEC or NECO O Level examinations.
3. Have at least One(1) year post qualification experience in an acute care setting preferably in a surgical unit.
4. Have approval for one(1) full year of release from employers or other training Schools
 
Method of Application
Forms are obtainable with effect from 12th October 2018 from the Perioperative Nursing School, Federal Medical Centre, Yola upoon presentation of the following:
Receipt in respect of payment of Ten Thousand Naira(N10,000) only to the Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Treasury Single Account (TSA) in any commercial Bank
 
Entrant Examination and Interview
Date: 13th-16th November 2018
Venue: College of Nursing and Midwifery, Yola
* News / 'We Did All We Could To Save Nurse Hauwa Liman from Boko Haram' - Lai Mohammed by katty: October 15, 2018, 10:51:00 PM
The Federal Government is shocked and saddened at the killing of another aid worker by Boko Haram on Monday, despite the actions taken by the government and the widespread appeal to save the young woman.

A statement issued in London on Monday by Segun Adeyemi, Special Adviser to the Honourable Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, described the killing as dastardly, inhuman and ungodly, saying nothing can justify the shedding of the blood of innocent people.



He commiserated with the family of Hauwa Leman, noting that the Federal Government did all within its powers to save her life.

His words: "It is very unfortunate that it has come to this. Before and after the deadline issued by her abductors, the Federal Government did everything any responsible government should do to save the aid worker.

"As we have been doing since these young women were abducted, we kept the line of negotiations open all through. In all the negotiations, we acted in the best interest of the women and the country as a whole.

''We are deeply pained by this killing, just like we were by the recent killing of the first aid worker. However, we will keep the negotiations open and continue to work to free the innocent women who remain in the custody of their abductors."

He thanked all the friendly governments that have continued to work with Nigeria for the safe release of the abducted women, and the clerics across religious lines who have been pleading for their
release.



Source: https://dailynaija.com/post/we-did-all-we-could-to-save-aid-worker-hauwa-liman-says-lai-mohammed'
* News / Boko Haram Executes Hauwa Leman, Keeps third Nurse as Slave by katty: October 15, 2018, 09:45:52 PM
The Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP), a faction of Boko Haram, has executed Hauwa Leman,a Registered Midwife and an aide worker with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), TheCable has been informed.

The terrorists also vowed to keep Leah Sharibu, the Dapchi schoolgirl, as “a slave for life”, TheCable exclusively gathered.



In a short clip seen by a special correspondent of TheCable, Leman was forced to kneel down, with her hands tied inside a white hijab which has a crest symbol, and then shot at a close range.

In September 2018, the insurgent group killed Saifura Ahmed, one of the three humanitarian workers abducted in Rann, Kala Balge local government area of Borno state, in March 2018, in a similar manner.

Leman, a 24-year-old midwife and student of health education at the University of Maiduguri, was in the group that was abducted.


Four soldiers, four policemen and three humanitarian aid workers were killed in the attack.

Toafic Toure, ICRC operational communication delegate, Maiduguri sub-delegation, had on Sunday pleaded with the federal government to avert Leman’s killing as the Monday deadline given by the insurgents approached.

ISWAP, in a short statement, said: “We have kept our word exactly as we said, by killing another humanitarian worker, Hauwa Leman, who is working with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) that were abducted during a raid on a military facility in Rann, Kala Balge in March 2018.

“Saifura and Hauwa were killed because they are considered as Murtads (apostates) by the group because they were once Muslims that have abandoned their Islam, the moment they chose to work with the Red Cross, and for us, there is no difference between Red Cross and UNICEF.


“If we see them, we will kill the apostates among them, men or women, and chose to kill or keep the infidels as slaves, men or women.”

‘LEAH AND ALICE WILL BE OUR SLAVES’

Meanwhile, ISWAP has threatened to keep Sharibu as a slave.

She is the only Christian among the 110 girls abducted at the Government Girls’ Science and Technical College, Dapchi, Yobe state, on February 19, 2018.

While other girls were released, she was kept back because she refused to renounce her Christian faith.

There has been a global plea for her release.

The group said in the statement that Alice Ngaddah, a Registered Nurse and a Christian who works with UNICEF, will also be kept as a slave.

“From today”, ISWAP said, Sharibu, 15, and Ngaddah, a mother of two, “are now our slaves”.

“Based on our doctrines, it is now lawful for us to do whatever we want to do with them,” the group further said.

‘TELL MY PARENTS I’M IN TROUBLE’

In the audio sent to one of her male friends when she was captured in March, Leman, who spoke in Hausa, said her parents should be informed that she had been kidnapped.

Running and panting, the victim said: “We are under attack in Rann. They are shooting everywhere please pray for me; please go and tell my parents that I am in trouble.

“Please, look for Fatima and tell her they are taking us away. They have entered here now…”

At that point, a male voice ordered her to keep quiet and not to move an inch. That was the last that was heard from her.

Source: https://www.thecable.ng/breaking-boko-haram-executes-another-aide-worker-says-leah-will-live-as-slave
* News / Boko Haram fulfills promise, Executes Second Nurse Hauwa Leman by katty: October 15, 2018, 08:39:46 PM
Boko Haram has executed Hauwa Leman,a Registered Nurse  kidnapped while working with the International Committee of the Red Cross reports TheCable.

Leman was abducted in March by a faction of Boko Haram, the Islamic State West African Province, along with two other aide workers, Saifura Khorsa, who was killed on September 16 and Alice Loksha, a nurse working for the United Nations Children and Education Fund.



The killing of Leman comes after the expiration of the deadline given to the Federal Government by the terrorist organisation.

Leah Sharibu, who was one of the students abducted from a Dapchi school in February is still being held by the group.

Source: Punch Newspaper
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