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* News / Five years of cyber-bullying an example of abuse nurses face by Idowu Olabode: Today at 06:41:35 PM
 A nurse continuously cyber bullied for more than five years by anonymous blog posts, some of which falsely accused her of being a sex worker, is just one example of the abuse those in the profession now have to face, a researcher says.

Massey University PhD student Natalia D'Souza studied the experiences of nurses and found that no longer was it just traditional face-to-face bullying they had to deal with but that cyber bullying was becoming an increasing problem.

Of the eight bullied nurses D'Souza interviewed, seven of them had experienced both forms during their careers.

While other research showed many nurses experienced bullying from other staff, she was concerned to find many had been attacked by students they had taught, patients or the family of patients.

Another nurse, who worked in a mental health service, faced continuous abuse from a patient's mother through voicemails and phone calls, even after the case was transferred to another worker, she said.

"She used her son to gain access. She would call to ask for help for her son, but then start abusing the nurse, so the nurse was hesitant to block the calls in case it was a genuine emergency," D'Souza said.

A major concern among nurses was that cyber bullying meant people outside their organisation could bully them constantly - even when they were not at work.

The public nature of some cyber bullying also left nurses fearing their reputations could be tarnished, she said.

"Emails are distressing but it's more distressing when more people viewed it and it affected their reputation," D'Souza said. "When it was potentially impacting their career, that was the worst."

The nurse accused of being a sex worker also had her contact details posted online and had false complaints about her made to the Nursing Council.

D'Souza said the incidents caused the woman a lot of anxiety, not just because of the potential damage to her reputation, but because she had not told her children about it and was worried they might come across it online.

"So the traditional bullying impacts of anxiety and depression apply, but there is an almost unique anxiety associated with the public nature of cyber bullying, along with the constant accessibility outside of work hours."

The researcher was concerned there seemed to be little done to deal with cyber bullying in many companies. A lot of organisations had social media policies for staff but did not have policies to protect staff from external abuse.

She said there needed to be more awareness of the issue and recommended explicitly including cyber bullying in workplace bullying and harassment policies to show staff it was taken seriously.

New Zealand Nurses Organisation professional nursing adviser Suzanne Rolls agreed cyber bullying was an emerging problem.

It seemed some people were using social media to have an "unfiltered" say rather than using formal complaint channels, she said.

"There is a huge issue around access to health care. Money is tight for a lot of people or people are dealing with complex issues and have many reasons for doing what they do," she said.

"We can understand that but would like to work with them rather than having that stuff out there [on social media]."

Rolls said cyber bullying was harmful to both the physical and emotional wellbeing of nurses.

"The essence of being a nurse comes from a willingness to care for people and provide relief from suffering and when that is criticised, people feel that quite deeply."

She said health providers needed to take action to engage with the complainant to understand why they were doing it and try to come to a resolution.

Netsafe chief executive Martin Cocker said the organisation now received 50 to 60 complaints a week under the Harmful Digital Communications Act.

People who performed frontline roles, such as nurses, were more exposed to cyber bullying and online criticism because of the job they did, he said.

If people were unhappy with the care or service received, it was often easiest to take it out on frontline staff like nurses.

Cocker said employers could only support their staff in the event they were targeted and refer them to Netsafe for support and help.

Netsafe would work to come to a resolution between the two parties and could have posts removed or blocked if need be. If it was not able to deal with the issue, the matter would be referred to the courts.
* News / Cebu Nurse in viral video mulls legal action against patient by Idowu Olabode: Today at 06:33:47 PM

The nurse who was shown in a viral video being struck by a female patient and her husband in the Balamban District Hospital will meet with the Provincial Health Office tomorrow to deal with her case.

Dr. Olivia Dandan, chief of the Balamban District Hospital, told Cebu Daily News in a phone interview that their team will discuss what legal recourse they will take concerning the incident that had been blottered at the Balamban police precinct.

As of November 20, the video gained 1.4 million views and shared 20,850 times.

The nurse’s identity is withheld for her protection, Dandan said. The nurse did not report for work yesterday.

The female patient shown in the video has yet to issue her statement on the incident and charges have not been filed, said SPO3 Bendie Nuñez desk officer of the Balamban Police Office.

The hospital’s initial investigation showed that the patient attacked the nurse when she failed to address the backflow on her daughter’s dextrose tube.

The patient and her daughter were hospitalized for diarrhea. There were two nurses in the hospital and two nursing assistants at the time last November 14.

The hospital was serving 45 patients that day, 10 of whom were emergency cases. If complaints occurred, the patients are advised to meet with the chief nurse. But the female patient went to the nurse’s station and attacked the nurse, Dandan said.

The Philippine Nurses Association (PNA) issued a statement saying they were “outraged” by the patient’s assault and “denounced in the strongest terms all forms of workplace violence against nurses.” “But clearly, the patient and her relative as shown in the video overstepped the bounds of what can be considered reasonableness of their actions,” their statement read.

Sought for comment, Cebu Gov. Hilario Davide III said he will wait for the results of the investigation. “I haven’t seen the video,” he said.

* News / Nigeria: Government should concession Teaching Hospitals, -UCH CMD by Idowu Olabode: Today at 06:27:38 PM
The University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan is 60 years old this month (November). In this interview with Bisi Oladele, the Chief Medical Director, Prof. Temitope Alonge, who is the seventh chief executive, shares the rich breakthroughs of the first teaching hospital in West Africa in research, training and healthcare services.

YOU joined the hospital as a student in the 70s and since that time you’ve been in the system. Can you compare the UCH of that time with the UCH of today?

Quite frankly, I have not prided myself in having seen the good, the bad and the ugly but I can confidently say that with the university system in focus and the UCH in perspective, I have been privileged to see the good, the bad and the ugly. The good, when I came into the University of Ibadan in 1977-78, at Nnamdi Azikwe Hall, I met just one term of opulence. Our clothing were laundered for us and ironed, food was 50 kobo per day and we had free cola drinks and a lot of freebies. Wednesday afternoon was sports day in the University of Ibadan.

What do you consider as the biggest problem in the health sector?

I don’t think one can lay too much emphasis on one but I am going to break it down into three. The first is the governed; the second is the government and third is the system. The workers are the ones who are doing the job, the healthcare workers, those are the governed. The government is the institution that makes the policy and then the patients are in between us. They are actually sandwiched between those two big monsters or elephants, whichever way you want to call it. The patients are the reason why we are healthcare workers in the first place. The major preoccupation of all workers in the hospital must be centred on patients’ care. Whether you are an accountant, or auditor in the system, everything you do revolves around patients care not to talk about the core healthcare professionals. Now, because government’s policies do not address the fundamentals of how systems work outside this country, the healthcare workers are seeing themselves as purely civil servants without any doubt in their minds and those doubts should have arisen on the account of the fact that we are not making biscuits here neither are we manufacturing electricity. We are talking about human lives. We must get that right. I have no blames on anybody’s footsteps but as a stakeholder in the health sector, we need to plead for legislations that are geared towards improvements, not punitive legislations. Our legislators are so concerned with punitive legislations so much so that their emphasis is on punitive legislations. We need constructive legislations that will lift up all the sectors of governance in Nigeria. The central government in its own right must be very proactive and be firm in taking decisions. The judiciary must have laws and rules that will guide our practices again not in the area of punitive measure but in the area of constructive corrections that will make people do the right things.  That is the government. The governed are those of us who are actually healthcare professionals. We must see ourselves as members of a particular team and there is no weak link in a team that will not expose the team. Once you have one weak link in the team, that team is subject to defeat. But I believe all of these things revolve around what people call remunerations. All of them are important but you chose to pick up a field of interest and you must be remunerated for that. As long as we continue to see everybody as civil servants and there is no differential payments, because in England and America that we talk about often times, we have various classes of call duties. It’s only in Nigeria that everybody gets paid the same call duty whether you are in institute or internal medicine or paediatrics or ophthalmology, you get paid the same amount of money but you don’t do the same job and that starts from when you are resident doctors.

Judging by their behaviours, don’t you think the labour organizations are playing a negative role in the efforts to appropriately handle the issue of remuneration?

Sure! I agree with that, but you see, we talk a lot about other countries. Let me let you know that maybe 80 to 90 per cent of the hospitals are not managed by government; they are public-private partnered. In England where I trained, there are NHS Trust. In India, maybe 99 per cent hospitals visited by Nigerians are private hospitals, private in the sense that they have been privatized. If we carry on the way we are going and allow labour to destroy us and destroy the system, many Nigerians will die without anybody batting an eyelid, then we are going to be in big trouble and at the end of the day we may have to concession the hospitals and when we do that, there will be sanity because people are going to do their jobs as at when due and then there will be appropriate remunerations. In fact, doctors, pharmacists, physiotherapists may earn a lot more than they are earning at the moment because of the service they are going to deliver. I remember many years ago people earned more money in private hospitals than teaching hospitals. So, we had more people in private hospitals then. But when the money in teaching hospitals increased, they all migrated here. So it’s like economic migration as it were. But if today we concession these teaching hospitals and federal medical centres, I can bet you, some hospitals are going to pay their workers well.

Are you recommending that?

Well, if you ask my candid opinion, it’s not something you shouldn’t talk about. It should be on the table as well for discussion because at the end of the day, if you want to have proper first class healthcare delivery system, you must find out how they do it outside rather than just come here and we are making ourselves feel good by going on strike on a daily basis.

UCH is 60 years old this month. Looking back has this hospital recorded any major breakthrough?

The University College Hospital, Ibadan, has technically given birth to all teaching hospitals and medical centres in Nigeria by extension. There is no teaching hospital today or Federal Medical Centre where you have not had an Ibadan trained either as a medical student or as a resident doctor working there, meaning that the dream of 1952 has been fulfilled. So, we have managed to give birth to so many children but we want to stay alive as well because the challenges we have is with ageing.

Do your products look back?

Unfortunately, what these other institutions would love to do is to outdo their father and mother and many of them are positioned by virtue of political correctness and by the virtue of connections in trying to outdo UCH but unfortunately, they can’t. You know this Yoruba adage that says “no matter how many clothes a child has, he can’t have as many rags as the parents.” That is exactly why we are head and shoulders above anybody. We have the largest number of departments among hospitals in this country. Only UCH has a palliative care and auspices department. UCH is the first to have a nuclear medicine department. Only UCH in the whole of Africa has a geriatric centre, not a department, a whole fully fledged centre and we have so many departments that others don’t have, and we are top heavy. We have more professors than any other teaching hospital, we have more readers, more lecturers, more consultants, more resident doctors as well.

We have many major breakthroughs in training. Virtually everybody wants to train in Ibadan, forget about what you hear outside. Everybody wants to come and train as resident doctor in Ibadan. Everybody wants to come to University of Ibadan as a medical student because they know that from there they can come here and get the best of hospital care and hospital training as a clinical student and the same thing with nursing.

UCH is unique going by the history that you just narrated.  What model do you think will make the hospital stand out as you step into another 60 years of excellent service, training and research?

When I assumed duty, I had a model called the three Bs. The first B is to build people and building people entails having people get to the maximum they could. In fact, it becomes an offence that you don’t attend conferences, whether local or international, it actually becomes an offence at the end of the year that you have no input in terms of elevating your own standard. When I came back, it was abysmal that some of my colleagues had never attended conferences in five years. Now, for UCH to grow, I instituted the first B which is building people. You have to identify various courses and training programmes in every professional grouping. I even gave them financial incentives that if you have a publication or a presentation in a conference, I was going to pay part of the conference fee and I did that from 2011 till date. That is to build capacity. So, people know that they have to be up on their toes. You must be able to stand up to your colleagues abroad and be able to present your papers. So for those who did that and who are still doing it, they know they will always get financial support. When you build people you build their capacity to the point that they will build systems. That’s the second B – to build systems and protocols. The whole world works on systems and the whole world works on protocols. When you board an aircraft, there is a system of operation before the aircraft moves. The pilot will come in there are various buttons he has to press and all of that, that is the system of operation. So it is the people that have been built up in terms of knowledge base that will now build the systems. They build protocols. So, when the patients come in- we are building an app now in UCH. It is called UCH app. There are so many protocols inside of it so you are not confused as to what to do. When the patient comes to the emergency department and has head injury, if you have forgotten, you just go through the UCH app and see the step-by-step analysis. So, these people that have been built up, like a pilot does its simulation before it flies, you have built these people up to the point that they can provide you systems and structures and protocols for you to do the job that you have been called here to do which is to look after patients. So, the man who has had an updated knowledge of neurosurgical, cardiothoracic, orthopaedic practice knows the modern trend of doing things, therefore he can apply that modern trend in the care of his patients. The world is a global village. No human being is different except for the melanin in your skin. Your heart is the same heart, the liver is still the same liver there and, therefore, we build people up and those people that you have built now build systems, structures and protocols for you. When that one is in place, then you build institutions. The institution’s name is actually going to be flagged all over the place when those people have been built up and the system has been built.

What problem won’t go away at UCH? It has been there or they have been there and even in the future, some will still be there?

Attitude! Attitude! Attitude! The attitude of the healthcare workers has been bastardized because they now have the mindset that they are civil servants and they are not healthcare providers. Until we desensitize them and remove some of the bad attitudes, things may not work as desired. Some say ‘we go to the same supermarket to go and buy food, so why should I not get N5 million a month?’ That is a poor attitude of a health worker because at the end of the day, after getting that N5 million and the patient is not well looked after by the virtue of the fact that you are incompetent or you have not done what you should do by not training yourself up, by not building yourself up, the N5 million is going to be counter-productive, even when you spend it. So, we need to change attitudes and change mindsets. So, attitudes and mindsets are the two things that must be addressed on the long term basis such that you don’t have to like me to work with me.

UCH is a very big hospital. Yet the majority of Nigerians are poor. Are there ways UCH tries to help poor patients? Are there systems or programmes that philanthropists can respond to in empowering UCH to help poor patients?

There are philanthropists in this country that are exemplary and on November 14, we are going to be inviting them and the beneficiaries of their philanthropy to a luncheon called “Meet the benefactors”. These are men and women who are quiet in their ways but they’ve done wonderful things. I begin with Chief Tony Anenih. He did not only fund the geriatric centre, he provides even what you called the most mundane things like clothing  sown and unsown, caps and they come in trucks to give to the needy elderly patients apart from his money which he gives to them. Part of the money we put in the bonds and when the returns on the bonds come, we give it to the centre. The second person is Basorun Kola Daisi. He instituted the Itunu Fund. Ninety per cent of the beneficiaries are children who come in with diseases that N5,000 can treat and we disburse the funds between N10,000 and N30,000. Daisi and the Foundation give us N500,000 every quarter. We don’t even ask before the next cheque comes in and we have a table every year for the beneficiaries. Three, we have Dr Sola Kolade and his family. There is a fund for patient in the Emergency Department that we are disbursing on their behalf to accident victims who come in and have nothing because nobody will go out and plan to have an accident. Sometimes they are unconscious but he has provided funds that we put part in a bond and we’ve taken the leftovers and begin to give the patients in a pack. We have the likes of Alhaji Oluwasola, who singlehandedly funded the construction and equipping of special diagnostic Centre for Molecular Pathology so that when diseases come, you are guided on what to do. Four is Sir Kessington Adebutu, who has given us a N100 million to build a geriatric rehabilitation centre for those patients who come to the Geriatric Centre who have acute illness. We have several others such as Otunba Subomi Balogun who endowed the Otunba Tuwase Emergency Ward for children who come in with emergencies. These are just few Nigerians who have volunteered without prompting to be part of the healthcare service delivery. There is also Aare Afe Babalola who donated the Nuclear Medicine building for us.

Source: The Nation Newspaper
* News / Tamil Nadu Nurses to go on ‘peaceful protest’ by Idowu Olabode: Today at 03:41:45 PM
The Tamil Nadu MRB Nurses Empowerment Association, at its meeting here on Sunday, decided to start its ‘peaceful protest’ demanding job regularisation from November 27 onwards.

The association members, numbering more than 8,000, will converge on the premises of Directorate of Medical and Rural Health Services for the protest demanding recruitment on time-scale basis, it was decided at the meeting of the Association's State Executive chaired by its State president K. S. Pushpalatha.

The tenure of the one-month notice given to the Government for undertaking the protest comes to an end on November 25, and there has been no invitation yet from the Government's side for talks.

Hence, the association was constrained to decide on going ahead with the protest, a spokesperson said. The notice issued to the Government, with copies marked to the Health Department, and the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of India and Madras High Court states that the association will exercise the 'Right to Peaceful Protest' guaranteed under Articles 19 (1)(a), 19(1)(b), 19(1)(c), and 19(1)(d).

The meeting discussed in detail the Interim Order of the High Court of Madras in the Writ Petitions 16774 and 17039 of 2015 (Association of Government Trained and Trainee Nurses Vs Health Secretary, State of Tamil Nadu), which states that even if their recruitment was made only for the various Central government schemes, it was not contractual.

The High Court had found much force in the submission of the counsel for the petitioners that “even if appointments are made to the (Central) schemes, they cannot be appointed to a meagre sum of Rs. 7,700, on consolidated pay basis. The nursing students undergo three and half years course and they belong to skilled category.”

The counsel for the petitioners had further stated that while doctors were appointed on time-scale pay in the schemes as per Government Order 109 of the Health and Family Welfare Department issued on March 15, 2013, the same treatment was not given to nurses.

The emphasis of the Tamil Nadu MRB Nurses Empowerment Association is that temporary appointments already made must be regularised immediately with effect from the dates of their joining duty in the post with monetary benefit arrears.

Source : The Hindu
* News / OAUTHC Holds Celebratory Lecture in Honour of First Director of Nursing Educatio by Idowu Olabode: Today at 03:30:56 PM
Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex cerebrating the FIRST DIRECTOT of NUSING EDUCATION OAUTHC, Ile-Ife Mrs Olubunmi Adeduntan Lawal
Lecture Titled: GOOD LEADERSHIP OF MENTORING IN NURSING:  A Panacea to Professional Development & Recognition
Date: 22nd November, 2017
Time: 11:00am
Venue: OAUTHC Mini Auditorium, Opp. SON, Ile-Ife

* News / #NursesWeek Baptist Schools Of Nursing And Midwifery Saki Holds Its 2017 Week by Idowu Olabode: Today at 08:23:49 AM

Day 1:
Opening Ceremony and Indoor Games
Day 2:
Outside Community Mobilization and Awareness
Day 3:
Interschool Speech Competition
Topic: Collegate Nursing - Is the best for us in Nursing education as of present?
Day 4:
Topic: Research - A tool in effective Nursing Practice
Asa Night
Day 5:
Relationship Matters.
Back to school programme and signing out of Finalists
Day 6:
Joint Fellowship
Grand Finale and Dinner Night
Day 7:
Thanksgiving Service
Date: 19th -25th November 2017
Venue: Baptist Schools of Nursing Premises
Opening Ceremony Holds On 19th November, 2017
Prince Dr. O.S. Adekanye
Medical Director BMC, Saki
Chief Host
Chief MichaeldKoleosho
Elder BMC, Saki, Life Patron
Mr B.A. Adeniran
Principal BSON, Saki

* News / Cebu Provincial Health Office Investigating Cebu Nurse Incident by Idowu Olabode: Today at 08:19:51 AM
“Based on our inquiry, the patient got mad because she was not attended to by the nurse. The nurse, on the other hand, claimed they were so busy attending to so many patients confined at that time,”

The Cebu Provincial Health Office (PHO) is investigating an incident involving a female patient assaulting a nurse of a western town hospital in a video, which was uploaded on Facebook yesterday morning and has since become viral on social media.

The video, which garnered at least 1,700 reactions (1,000 angry reactions and 465 likes) and shared more than 3,100 times since yesterday afternoon, had reached the attention of Dr. Rene Catan, PHO chief.

Catan told Cebu Daily News in a phone interview that they received an informal report from a concerned citizen about the viral video.

“We received a report about a nurse being slapped repeatedly by a patient. It was sketchy, at first, but we did what was needed. We are conducting an investigation (on the incident),” said Catan.

The video showed a patient walking along the lobby accompanied by a person lugging along her dextrose. The patient confronted the nurse sitting on the table at the Balamban District Hospital in Balamban town, 45 km from west of Cebu City.

“Unsa? Administrator nimo asa man? Nangutana lang ko kinsa siyang tawhana? Unsa man? (What? Where’s your administrator? I am just asking who he is?),” the patient stated on the video.

When the nurse reportedly failed to give her answers, the patient challenged the nurse to reveal her name and show her ID.

The argument escalated when the nurse slammed a document on the table. The patient was later seen trying to shove and hit the nurse as they continued arguing.

The confrontation ended when the a security guard intervened.

Catan said that the officers from the PHO assigned in Balamban had already reported the incident to the Balamban Police Station and had it logged in the police blotter.

Catan also said that they could not divulge the identities of the women seen in the video because investigations are still ongoing.

“A blotter was already filed to reveal who instigated the incident. As of now, we cannot make any conclusion. But as far as we are concerned, we cannot blame the patient because she’s one of the many people we’re providing our services to. Also, we cannot blame the nurse because of what the patient allegedly did,” said Catan.

PO1 Andy Mabanta, desk officer of the Balamban Police Station, said the incident was blottered at their office, but they endorsed it to officials of Barangay Poblacion for a possible settlement.

“Based on our inquiry, the patient got mad because she was not attended to by the nurse. The nurse, on the other hand, claimed they were so busy attending to so many patients confined at that time,” Mabanta said.

Source :
* News / Scottish Nurse Managers to Wear New Uniforms Different from Ward Nurses by Idowu Olabode: Today at 07:52:50 AM
A new burgundy uniform is being issued to head nurses across Scotland to ensure that patients and relatives know who is in charge on hospital wards.

Shona Robison, the Scottish health secretary, ordered the new policy after inquiries raised concerns about the lack of visibility of senior nurses in hospitals.

The new tunics will be worn by nurse managers — the level above ward sisters and charge nurses — to make them more visible. Previously, they did not wear uniforms and were more likely to wear business attire.

For full story check the source
* News / WSPEHSU Announces the FREE Pediatric Environmental Health Toolkit (PEHT) Mobile Application by katty: Today at 07:34:25 AM
Parents say they are concerned about environmental health threats, yet most pediatric care providers don’t offer prevention strategies during office visits. Why? Many providers report that they feel ill-equipped to educate families about common exposures. Now, the new FREE Pediatric Environmental Health Toolkit (PEHT) mobile application, endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), provides this trusted information.

We know that health care providers can play an important role in changing patterns of patient behavior. With the new Toolkit app, you can access simple ways to incorporate anticipatory guidance on environmental health during well child visits. Easily viewed on any mobile device or computer, evidence-based overviews are provided on health hazards related to air, water, food and products. Quickly scroll to anticipatory guidance you can offer patients keyed to age, from prenatal through teen years, on topics from how to avoid toxicants in the home to healthy eating practices.

The Toolkit application provides examples of how and where we live, eat, sleep, work, and play can impact our health, and what we can do about it. Beginning in the womb and continuing throughout life, multiple environmental factors are strong determinants of health, even decades later, making it ever more important to provide the most current and scientifically-based advice to patients on how to have healthy families.

 Research shows that parents are anxious to have this information. Now, the Toolkit makes it easy for clinicians to provide.

Three key sections cover the basics:
-Briefs of environmental hazards to health found in the air, water, food and consumer products; includes sections on health effects, routes of exposure and prevention strategies.
-Key concepts including the unique vulnerability of children, how the chemical, built and food environments influence health, and environmental justice.
-Anticipatory guidance keyed to thirteen age groups from prenatal through teen years.

The PEHT app is a joint project between the United States Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units and Physicians for Social Responsibility. It is based on material in the American Academy of Pediatrics “Green Book.” This material is available in English only at this time.

The PEHT app can be found here:
* News / Ghana: 5 Useful Ways Trainee Nurses Can Use Their Allowance by Idowu Olabode: Today at 05:13:46 AM
Earlier last month, the government launched the restoration of nursing trainee allowance with a joyous and a colourful ceremony at the Sunyani Nursing and Midwifery Training College.

This was an exciting moment for student nurses and parents alike as students have endured hardship since the cancellation of the allowance by the previous government in 2014.

But even before the restoration of the allowance, most student nurses may have budgeted for what they would use the monthly allowance of Ghc400 for. As most nursing students are young people, purchasing items like the latest phones, trendy outfits, designer shoes and bags among others may be top of the list.

However,it will be unwise to waste allowance on the above as there are profitable ways to use the allowance effectively. Remember it's important to invest in your future.

Here are 5 ways to use your allowance profitably

School Fees - Nursing Colleges in Ghana charge very high fees with first year students paying as high as Ghc 4,300 hostel included. You can imagine the difficulties the average Ghanaian parent would go through to raise such an amount.

Student nurses can support their parents by depending on the allowance for their upkeep and buying school items so parents can have a breathing space to concentrate on the next school fees.

Investment - Students can invest in treasury bills with some part of the allowance or save money for personal initiatives.

Entrepreneurship- For those who want to start their own businesses because of the flexibility in their schedules, this is the time to save enough to get started even before you graduate from school.

Some nurses have become successful business owners even before they graduated from school because they started implementing business idea while in school. So while their colleagues are calling on government for jobs, they are comfortably placed in their own businesses.

School business - I don't know if it is allowed for students to do petty trading on campus. However, if it is allowed in your school, you can invest in selling stationary, provisions, phone credit among others. These items maybe in high demand as it is sometimes difficult for students to go outside the school to access these items.

Learn a vocation- With your allowance, you can enroll in a fashion design, hairdressing, beadmaking or a makeup class.and have these as a side job for extra income.

Source : Modern Ghana
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