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Integrating Human Rights Based Approach To Health Prof. Omolola Irinoye, PhD RN - Free Nursing Books - Nurses Arena Forum

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Integrating Human Rights Based Approach To Health Prof. Omolola Irinoye, PhD RN by Idowu Olabode : May 10, 2018, 12:38:53 PM
Integrating Human Rights Based Approach To Health By Professor Omolola Irinoye, PhD, RN
Department of Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife A paper presented at the 2018 Internationa Nurse Week Programme organized by the National Association of the Nigerian nurses and Midwives on 9the May, 2018 at Abuja

Outline
Human Rights and Health – Antecedents and the Link
Social Determinants of health
Inequity and Inequality in health and health care Access
The Human Right Based Approach to Health
Integration of the HRBAH

Introduction - Antecedents
The right to health stands as a central normative framework for global health derived from the context of global justice under international law (1) .
The human rights framework offers universal attributes to conceptualize government responsibilities for health and crosscutting principles to assure non-discrimination and equality, participation, and accountability in health policies, programs, and practices. (1, 3)
World Health Organization (WHO) constitution of 1946 was the first legal declaration of a human right to health - declared that ―the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being,‖
Health defined as ―a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.‖(2,3 )
Linking human rights to global health, the UN General Assembly codified the right to health under the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), establishing government obligations to progressively realize ―the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.‖(4)
the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)—the UN treaty body charged with both interpreting and monitoring the ICESCR—issued a General Comment in 2000 to interpret the right to health to address ―underlying determinants of health‖— beginning in preventive and curative care and expansively encompassing underlying rights to food, housing, work, education, equality, privacy, and information.
As a basis for public health, the CESCR examined disease prevention and health promotion efforts to progressively realize the right to health, ensuring the availability, accessibility, acceptability, and quality of health systems and services.
These recommendations for underlying determinants of health made demands for rights-based reforms of health systems.
The right to health is enshrined in various human rights conventions and is internationally recognized.
Every country that has ratified the relevant covenants must respect, protect, and guarantee the right to health.3
The basic causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries arise from the failure to meet commitments relating to the human right to health.4
Access to adequate health care for the poor, and protection from the financial, health, and social risks associated with disease are core elements of human development and poverty reduction which many countries are not providing.
Poor quality of available care is a major abuse of right to health
 However, supporting the efforts of poor countries to fulfil their state duty to realize the human right to health remains an on-going challenge and a priority for the international community, for regional, national governments and for everyone.

What are Human Rights?

Human rights are standards that allow all people to live with dignity, freedom, equality, justice, and peace.
Every person has these rights simply because they are human beings.
They are guaranteed to everyone without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.
Human rights are essential to the full development of individuals and communities.
There are Moral and Legal Dimensions of Human rights - as set of moral principles that apply to everyone, part of international law, contained in treaties and declarations that spell out specific rights that countries are required to uphold.
Countries often incorporate human rights in their own national, state, and local laws.
(https://www.theadvocatesforhumanrights.org/human_rights_basics)

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